First identify the relevant components of the full situation analysis associated with a key challenge. This is shown in Figure 6 where the relevant components of the wind energy situation analysis are shown in color and the remainder is grayed out. This helps focus on expected changes from implementing a strategy while clarifying additional drivers that may influence effectiveness of the strategy, or non-target changes that may present opportunities or risks.
Then identify how the conservation strategy (action) will affect conservation and human well-being elements. This is shown in Figure 7 where red text emphasizes expected changes in the system that may result from the conservation strategy. Each link reflected in the results chain should articulate a testable hypothesis about cause and effect. Results chains should depict changes in primary interests (in this case, grassland extent, connectivity and quality) as well as other expected changes (in italics; e.g. increased recreational opportunities, decreased respiratory disease).