People and nature are increasingly challenged by larger human populations, higher consumption rates, larger-scale development projects, and diminishing and degrading natural resources, all in a changing climate. We can help nature flourish by offering a robust, science-based conservation approach that draws on existing strengths, and embraces new disciplines from economics to anthropology, and from demography to health.
Building off of an adaptive management iterative process of testing assumptions to learn, adapt and improve decision making in the face of uncertainty, the Conservation by Design 2.0 conservation process has evolved to incorporate four major advances. We believe that these advances will lead to better conservation strategies and better conservation outcomes, for both nature and people. These four advances are interrelated. Each one is described below.