You may have gained a better understanding at this stage of who will be affected by a given strategy and how they will be impacted. New issues that arise should be quantified here even if they were not explicit in the results chain initially; if this is the case go back and amend your results chain too to reflect new information. As you explore benefits and risks, refer to the Social Safeguards questions and resources referenced earlier in this document. Impacts to consider include:
1. Will the strategy help mitigate or adapt to climate change, or worsen emissions or resilience in some way?
2. Are there provisioning ecosystem services that may be affected, like hunting, fishing, ranching or harvesting areas that will have greater or limited access because of the strategy?
3. Will water quality or supply be improved or limited for key uses like drinking water, irrigation, industrial use, energy production, transportation or recreational use?
4. Will the strategy disproportionately impact or benefit vulnerable or under-represented groups of people?
5. Will access to or condition of culturally important sites be improved or harmed in any way?