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Include both direct and indirect pathways from possible strategies to changes in conservation targets, and human well-being interests

Figure 8: Direct and nature-mediated pathways between conservation and human well-being in simplified results chain.

Fig­ure 8

Direct impacts on human well-being result from social changes caused direct­ly by the con­ser­va­tion strat­e­gy (sol­id line in Fig­ure 8). For exam­ple, if a pro­tect­ed area hires park guards, this has the direct effect of increas­ing jobs. No envi­ron­men­tal change is required to cre­ate the jobs. Nature-medi­at­ed impacts result from a loss or gain in human well-being as a result of changes in the envi­ron­ment caused by a con­ser­va­tion pro­gram (dot­ted line in Fig­ure 8). For exam­ple, improve­ment in house­hold income from high­er fish land­ings out­side of a marine pro­tect­ed area is a nature-medi­at­ed impact, because the con­ser­va­tion strat­e­gy first has to impact the envi­ron­ment before the social change occurs. Con­ser­va­tion prac­ti­tion­ers may be least famil­iar with the plau­si­ble direct impacts of strate­gies on human well-being, so addi­tion­al atten­tion should be giv­en to ensur­ing their con­sid­er­a­tion. Con­sul­ta­tion with exter­nal experts may be helpful.