Most conservation strategies will cause many changes to a socio-ecological system, including those the strategy aims to change (focal) and many others (additional). Additional outcomes may be other environmental changes or social or economic changes, and they may be either positive or negative. Full consideration of these additional changes should be made, and their potential reflected in the results chain. Additional changes represent opportunities and risks. When they reveal opportunities, managers can decide to elevate specific outcome statements associated with them, or identify them as plausible co-benefits. When risks are revealed, see the next point.